HOW TO CONNECT RECORD PLAYERS WITH SPEAKERS
You have purchased a vintage record player and wanted to play music in it. And a question lingers in your mind if it is possible to connect your vintage record player with speakers.
The answer is YES, it is possible if your turntable has a built-in preamp, and your speakers have built-in amplifiers. You will just need to have an old fashion RCA signal cable or a record player and speakers that support wireless Bluetooth connection. For step by step instructions you can read below:
There are 4 important components to check before setting up Vinyl Record players with Speakers
- Turntable – There are two label types of the signal turntable outputs that you need to check.
- Phono Signal Output- they need to be connected with external preamplifiers or receiver with a built-in preamplifier to work
- Line Signal Output- they have a built-in preamplifiers
Its function is to boost the tiny Phono Signals captured and transform it into a line-level signal. Also, this component corrects the tone of the signal received to make the music sound right.
Together with amplifiers are input selector, digital-analogue converter for digital music input, efficiency for surround sound, radio, etc.
Their function is to amplify the music signals and make it loud enough to drive the speakers.
- Speakers- There are two kinds of speakers and they have different features. Check If your speakers have power plug if they have they are Active Speakers and If they don’t they are passive speakers.
- Passive Speakers- you need to have standalone amplifiers to drive them
- Active Speakers- powered they have a built-in amplifier
- Any source that outputs a LINE Signal can be attached to them, including a player with a built-in preamp.
NOTE: To connect your record players directly to speakers, see to it that they are active/powered speakers.
SETTING UP SPEAKERS WITH LINE SIGNALS/ WITH BUILT-IN PREAMPLIFIERS
If you’re connecting your vintage record player to a stereo receiver or amplifier that has jacks on the back marked “LINE”:
- Plug the complementary cables coming from your vintage record player in the jacks. Usually, there’s also a thin single cable coming from the player. They are called the ground wire.
- Connect it to a post or a screw (normally marked “GROUND”) on your sound system (more on that beneath).
- Plug in the record player’s power cord and set the function on the stereo to “LINE,”
SETTING UP PHONO TURNTABLES/ WITHOUT BUILT-IN AMPLIFIERS
Unlike most audio sources you match to a stereo-like DVD/CD players or iPhones, the sound signals from the cartridge on a vintage turntable are lower. It requires an additional booster and some device to level it up to a higher signal. They called this “Phono preamp”.
Phono Preamps are evident and built-in to vintage receivers and amplifiers. Some preamps are even built into some models of low-cost modern record players. In common, more up to date stereo adapters, counting most mini-systems, Bluetooth speakers, domestic theatre units, etc. don’t have phono inputs. To utilize a vintage turntable with these more up to date units or to play through a computer, fueled speakers or earphones, the turntable flag must pass through an outside phono preamp.
To set it up, you will just plug the output from the Phono Preamp into line-level inputs on your device and these could be labelled as Aux, Tape, Line, Video, CD, etc.
Please also consider having a 3.5 mm Mini Plug to RCA stereo cable if the input in your speakers or stereo is mini-plug jack. They are not expensive and common, usually, they are used to connect smartphones to stereos with two RCA plug inputs.
Advantages of connecting the speaker directly to record players
- AFFORDABLE. Connecting a vintage record player with speakers is the lowest cost option you can find in setting up a playing vinyl stereo.
- NEAT. Unlike buying components as standalone connecting directly to speakers would need only one signal cable. You will connect this cable to the two units together and an additional two cables for the power source.
- CONVENIENT & PORTABLE. It is not necessary to look for a space for the standalone preamp and standalone amplifiers. This makes it easier to have them set up with you somewhere.
Disadvantages of connecting the record players directly to speakers
- LOW SOUND QUALITY. If you are looking for the best quality sound then connecting directly to the record player to the speakers is not best. You have to buy standalone gear to completely produce the best sounding music.
- DEGRADABLE. Since the setup is packaged together, the upgrade and adding of accessories is hard. The reason that companies bundled them together is to make it cheaper.
- LIMITED. It is not possible to connect powered speakers to different types of sources since they only have limited input connectors. Purchasing standalone audio can offer connections with CD player, DVD player, radio and even television.
Basic Vintage Record players set up examples
Turntable + Powered Speakers
This is the maximum compact turntable setup. With a preamplifier constructed proper into your turntable, you’ll really plug your turntable into your powered audio system through an RCA cable.
Turntable + A/V Receiver + Speakers
One of the maximum not unusual place turntable setups for vinyl avid fans. You could plug your turntable with an integrated preamp into your receiver through an RCA cable. Your receiver could then be plugged into 2 or extra speakers.
Turntable + Preamp + Powered Speakers
This setup includes an isolated preamp into the blend. With the isolated preamp, you may too have to include an establishing wire from the turntable to the preamp, and the preamp to the fueled speakers to maintain a strategic distance from any buzzing or murmuring clamour. You’ll accomplish this setup with turntables that don’t have a built-in preamp or your turntable features a defeasible phono organize permitting you to bypass the built-in preamp.
Turntable + Bluetooth speaker
You’ll be able to interface a turntable to a remote speaker employing a Bluetooth transmitter and an RCA male to 3.5mm stereo female connector.